Early warning system that uses mobile phone SMS API to send sustainability and market information to nomadic pastoralist based on predictions of range land productivity and market study
Most of Africa relies on rain-fed agriculture. As a result, it is highly vulnerable to climate variability, seasonal shifts and precipitations patterns.
Any amount of warming will result in increased water stress. Roughly 70 percent of the African population lives by farming, and 40 percent of all exports are agricultural products (WRI 1996). In addition, a third of the income in Africa is generated by agriculture. Crop production and livestock husbandry account for about half of household income. The poorest members of society are those who are most dependent on agriculture for jobs and income.
The semi-arid areas of Kalahari (Southern Africa), Maasai Mara and Turkana regions (Kenya) and the Sahel (North Africa), among others, have supported nomadic communities that migrate in response to annual and seasonal rainfall variations.
Nomadic pastoral systems are intrinsically able to adapt to fluctuating and extreme climates provided they have prior sufficient information to guide their movements in search of better grazing grounds for their livestock. Lack of information has led to a loss of livestock and substantial changes to the social system of the nomadic pastoralist.
Maasai Mara Serengeti range land